Launch of the satellite
Launch of BELINTERSAT-1 satellite into geostationary orbit
A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a circular orbit located above the equator of the Earth (0° latitude), in which an artificial satellite orbits the planet at an angular velocity equal to the angular velocity of the Earth’s rotation around its axis. In the horizontal coordinate system, the direction to the satellite changes neither in azimuth nor in height above the horizon: the satellite “hangs” motionless. Therefore a satellite dish once pointed at a satellite will always remain pointed at that satellite. Geostationary orbit is a kind of geosynchronous orbit and is used for placing artificial satellites (in particular, telecommunication satellites) on it.
The presented video material was created based on the simulation of the BELINTERSAT-1 spacecraft launch to the 51.5 E position in the geostationary orbit. The satellite model and the simulation of the flight were created by the specialists of the ballistic and navigational support service of the Central Control Center.